Forensic neuropsychological and psychological evaluation involves the application of neuropsychological and psychological assessment methods (examining the relationship between brain and behavior) to the evaluation of criminal or civil litigants. Assessment of collateral sources of information, response bias, malingering, and norm-based psychological testing are essential components of the forensic clinical neuropsychological evaluation.
A thorough neuropsychological evaluation provides evaluation of general cognitive abilities, including attention and concentration, language abilities, visuospatial skills, executive functioning, memory, and academic achievement. Additional psychological assessment provides evaluation of one's emotional functioning, psychological symptomatology, psychopathology, and personality structure. Diagnoses that can be evaluated include:
- Traumatic Brain Injury
- Intellectual Disability
- Developmental Disability
- Learning Disability/ADHD
- Neurological Impairment secondary to medical condition
- Dementia and Neurodegenerative Diseases
- Severe Mental Illness (DSM-V diagnoses)
- Personality Disorders
The findings of the assessment are then analyzed in the context of one's legal standing, evaluating one's mental capacity and mental state as they relate to pre sentencing, competency, criminal responsibility, as well as civil issues in relation to their neuropsychological functioning.
Pediatric or child neuropsychology, which is also offered at Fifth Avenue Forensics, is a field of study involving the relationship of abilities, behaviors and mental skills (cognitive functions) in children. Pediatric neuropsychology involves the application of this field to diagnostic assessment and clinical treatment of normal and abnormal child developmental, medical, psychiatric, and neurological conditions or problems. The field shares a knowledge base with other professions. A child or pediatric neuropsychologist may work with other pediatric specialists in behavioral neurology, developmental pediatrics, pediatric neurology, child psychiatry, pediatricians, occupational therapists and speech and language therapists. Pediatric or child neuropsychologists commonly assess children for attention problems such as Attention-deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), learning disorders such as dyslexia or math difficulties, disorders of language and/or coordination difficulties. Evaluations may also involve assessments of Autism Spectrum Disorders which inclue autism, Asperger's Disorder, and Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD). Assessments are also performed to evaluate neurological conditions such as effects of a tumor, anoxia, birth complications, Cerebral Palsy, toxic exposures, head injuries or concussions. They may involve subtle or not so subtle deficits which may be involved with anemia, kidney disease or other metabolic diseases, and the effects of treatments or interventions which may impact on neurological or neuropsychological functions. Assessment also involves evaluation of psychological state, assessing the impact of trauma, mood disorders, or other psychological diagnoses.